Psychologists all over the world have testified to the fact that there are various types and forms of motivation. This is because people are different, so it follows that their motivations have to be different.

Motivation can be considered as the state of having encouragement to do something or as many people term it “the driving force behind every action”. Some examples of motivation are acceptance, socialization, environmental factors, money, and incentives among many others.

Motivation is very important because we live our whole lives based on it. Abraham Maslow in 1943 stated that people are motivated to achieve certain needs. He therefore proposed a 5 motivational needs hierarchy levels within a pyramid. This included, psychological needs, safety, social, self-esteem and self-actualization, but the question is it useful in every sector of our endeavors? How then can we as employers motivate our staff to put out their best?

These steps could be of help:

  1. Provide clear leadership

Create clear leadership skills by building partnership with each employee, giving them a chance to grow and            learn new skills. Also make time as a leader for team and morale building meetings and activities.

  1. Provide a conducive working environment

Strive to create a work environment that is open, trusting and fun.

  1. Provide incentives

Incentives in addition to salary have their place. Incentives such as health care schemes bonuses, house and              car allowances, training sections, could be a great way to motivate staff.

  1. Set goals and celebrate them

It’s human nature that we all enjoy the success of a challenge. Celebrate your victories both large and small.

  1. Restructure jobs

As a small business owner, you have more flexibility than most employers to design jobs that fit your                         employees. Job sharing and cross training are other ways to keep work fresh day to day, while also benefiting             your business.

The success or failure of a project or business depends heavily on the staff and how well they do their job. Motivating and enabling them to do this is an ongoing part of running a business.

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